The following list compiles fragments of great essays dealing with themes of philosophy.
It is also recommended to read the test concept, its characteristics and its structure.
1. The rebellion of the masses.
There is a fact that, for better or for worse, is the most important in European public life of the present time. This fact is the advent of the masses to full social power. As the masses, by definition, should not and can not direct their own existence, and less to run society, it means that Europe now suffers the most serious crisis that peoples, nations and cultures, must suffer. This crisis has come more than once in history. Its physiognomy and its consequences are known. Its name is also known. It is called the rebellion of the masses.
For the intelligence of the formidable fact it is advisable to avoid giving the words “rebellion”, “masses”, “social power”, etc., an exclusive or primarily political meaning. Public life is not only political, but, at the same time and even before, intellectual, moral, economic, religious; It comprises all collective uses and includes the mode of dress and the mode of enjoyment.
Perhaps the best way to approach this historical phenomenon is to refer to a visual experience, underlining a faction of our time that is visible with the eyes of the face.
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2. My religion
No one has managed to convince me rationally of the existence of God, but also of his non-existence; The atheists’ reasoning’s seem to me to be even more superficial and futile than those of their adversaries. And if I believe in God, or, at least, I believe in Him, it is, above all, because I want God to exist, and later, because I am revealed cordially in the Gospel and through Christ and the History. It is a thing of heart.
Which means I am not convinced of it as I am that two and two make four.
If it were something that did not leave me the peace of conscience and the consolation of being born, I would not take care of the problem; But as in my life I live all interior and the spring of all my action, I can not calm down with saying: neither I know nor I can know. I do not know, it is true; I may never know, but I want to know. I want it, and that’s enough.
And I will spend my life struggling with the mystery and even without hope of penetrating it, because that struggle is my food and is my consolation. Yes, my comfort. I have become accustomed to drawing hope from despair itself. And do not shout Paradox! The foolish and the superficial.
- The mediocre man.
Devoid of wings and plume, the mediocre characters are unable to fly to a summit or to beat against a herd. His life is perpetual complicity with the other. They are mercenary host of the first firm man who knows how to unite them to his yoke. They traverse the world guarding their shadow and ignoring their personality. They never come to individualize: they ignore the pleasure of exclaiming “I am”, in front of the others. There are no solos. Their amorphous structure forces them to erase themselves in a race, in a town, in a party, in a sect, in a bindery: always to be smeared with others. They underpin all doctrines and prejudices, consolidated over centuries. That’s how they thrive. They follow the path of the least resistances, swimming in favor of all current and varying with it; In its rolling downstream there is no merit: it is simple inability to swim upstream. They grow because they know how to adapt to social hypocrisy, like earthworms.
They are refractory to every decent gesture; They are hostile to him. They conquer “honors” and attain “dignities,” in the plural; Have invented the inconceivable plural of honor and dignity, by definition singular and inflexible. They live from others and for others: shadows of a flock, their existence is the accessory of foci that project it. They lack light, of daring, of fire, of emotion. Everything is, in them, borrowed.
The excellent characters ascend to their own dignity by swimming against all the routing currents, whose reflex they resist with tenacity. In front of the others they are recognized immediately, never erased by that moral haze in which they fade. His personality is all brightness and edge:
The essay allows expression on virtually any topic. In all of them the author prints his style, always looking for the best way to reach his reader and convince him of the ideas he conveys in his essay.